In this respect, it is possible to distinguish several arguments against ethical egoism. Complete the form below to subscribe. not in your self-interest to punch the person in the face. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Kantians say itâs whether anyone is used as a âmere meansâ; consequentialists say itâs an actionâs consequences; egoists say itâs really how someoneâs actions impact their self-interest. Going back to the punching example. As Rachels adeptly points out, are limits to what can be accomplished by argument, and if the egoist really doesn’t care about other people—if he honestly doesn’t care whether they are helped or hurt by his actions—then we have reached those limits. Although ethical egoism has some appeal (especially in its ability to smoothly reconcile morality and self-interest), the theory has been almost universally rejected as an acceptable ethical theory. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! It’s not valuable as a means to something else. Ethical egoism holds that an act is morally right just in case it’s in the person’s self-interest. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Ethical egoism claims that I morally ought to perform some action if and only if, and because, performing that action maximizes my self-interest. This line of reasoning is related to Thomas Nagel’s take on right and wrong as we discussed in this video. 1259 Words null Page. It represents a true contrast with ethical altruism that advocates for helping others. Despite acting on oneâs interest, ethical egoism cautions against harming the wellbeing of others. Why not? Nonetheless, meeting personal interests sometimes requires the sacrifice of other self-interests to create a balance in life. Reference: James Rachels, "Egoism and Moral Skepticism," Chapter 8 in Exploring Ethics (2020, 5th ed. Regis Ethical Egoism 51 or "personal" egoism has been abandoned in recent literature as not being a moral theory.2 I Facione, Scherer, and Attig define ethical egoism as "the view that human conduct should be based exclusively on self-interest. In this lecture we'll consider three arguments in favor of and against ethical egoism. One might, for example,claim that one ought to achieve a certain level of welfare, but thatthere is no requirement to achieve more. Works Cited: Dr. Charles Kay. His pain doesn’t give you a reason not to hit him. It assumes that people are open to reason. Today weâre considering a radical theory that answers ânoâ. If that’s to consistently happen, others will need to be altruists, so he advocates the necessary means to achieving his egoistic goal. Ethical egoism fails to uphold the impartiality principle. Endorses wickedness 2. A common objection to Ethical Egoist is that it cannot universalize what it claims people ought to do--i.e. In fact, all persons are better off if each follows their own interest. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. : the maximization of one's own interests cannot be adopted by everyone because such a policy entails that other people's interests will have to be excluded. Also, an act should be motivated by the benefits one derives from it. The egoist just needs to wave the altruism banner, convincing people he cares about their interests, in order for him to safely live in a society where he can, hopefully without getting caught, do whatever he wants to others. The worry is that such people harm others severely on their way to institutions. Radical ethical egoist will care less about causing harm or pain to others so long as they receive their benefit. Anonymous. He’s being rational in adopting the best means to achieve his ends, which are egoistic. This is to quantify the fact that ethical egoism may not function in a vacuum but requires the intervention of other ethical standings. It requires the ability to sympathize with others. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! One should do what self-interest demands. Consistency is a mark of good moral reasoning. If the egoist won’t accept that reason, then we’ve reached the limits of what we can do through argumentation. Free essay sample on the given topic "Sweet Memories Of My Childhood". Caring for others is a warranted concern without which, it leads to egoist radicalization. That self interest is the origin of all morality. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. After all, most people in society are not egoists. It’s irrational to treat like cases differently. An ethical egoist might respond. Ethical egoism goes against the principle of impartiality. Thus, it is difficult for an ethical egoist individual to advise others as it creates self-contradiction. Without a moral obligation to compromise or sacrifice for another, radical egoists will never have a common ground. Is the fact that it would cause him pain were you to hit him in the face a reason not to do it? Regardless of whether psychological egoism is correct, ethical egoism can be defended as a normative theory. 0 0. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Plus even if you were a member you couldn’t talk about it. (Thereare possibilities other than maximization. Since Hospers is the most prominent philosopher to advocate ethical egoism, his definition is the most pertinent: each person has a moral duty to follow those moral rules that will be in the agentâs maximal self-interest over the long haul.5For the ethical egoist, one has a duty to follow âcorrectâ moral rules. 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