in Korean: 韓語發音﹕ p'ogongyong: Pron. Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. Edible parts of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. Check with your health-care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements. vulgare (Lam.) Taraxacum mongolicum is a famous traditional Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases. Presl → Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. modern herbal medical system    Plant Material and DNA Extraction. In this review, the phytochemical constituents of dandelion (particularly from T. mongolicum and T. officinale) were … Biotechnology (involving genetics, agriculture, and biology) is the most powerful means by which to take advantage of all the medicinal potential of Taraxacum. → Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). This name is not current. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. In contrast, the main drive in Taraxacum research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine. name refers    Taraxacum mongolicum Hand..- M.azz. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). This should shed light on the potential of this plant as an attractive commercial herbal medicine. Tendencies: Cooling and drying. Taraxacum officinale F.H. modern french    The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy, supporting digestion and liver function, while the leaf is used as a diuretic and bitter digestive stimulant. Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. Taraxacum. liver function    We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 67. Considerada xeneralmente como una "meruxa", les sos fueyes peracabar n'ensalada y atribuyéronse-y … It has also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown. taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. However, whether it can protect neurons against oxidative damage and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully determined. L. fr. pu2 gong1 ying1    Taraxacum officinale is a plant. ” The herb is similarly named in many Indo-European tongues, also being called “lion’s tooth” in German (Löwenzahn) and Spanish (diente de leon). Tincture of whole plant just before the perfection of the flower. Dandelion (Taraxacum spec) is a wild plant that has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in the relief and treatment of several diseases. Only once the recovery of pure and highly reactive compounds can be pursued at (a qualitatively and quantitatively attractive) economical scale, human clinical trials would be of interest in order to prove their efficacy and safety, positioning Taraxacum as an important commercial source of natural drugs. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. The following uses are also probably applicable to this species, though we have no records for them Root - cooked. In other areas, Taraxacum sports an enormous list of compounds of industrial interest; and while it is true that only a small amount of these compounds is immediately available in Taraxacum organs and makes it relatively commercially unattractive, only scarce efforts have been made to improve yields. many indo-european tongue    Even while considering that only a few species have been studied, their different biochemical and cultivation profiles indicate huge potential for qualitative improvements in composition through genetic engineering, thus directly impacting pharmacological properties. There is little evidence that it is effective for any condition. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067. Two important periods of research on Taraxacum have been identified: the first, between 1930 and 1950; and the second, from 1990 to today. The herb’s actions are cholagogues, choleretic, alkalizing, laxative, venotonic, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient. Engl. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones 3 Comments. Schinz & R. Keller. In order to improve yield and performance of the plant in the field, greenhouse cultivation is another aspect taken into account, deriving an increase in recovery of bioactives from Taraxacum organs. lion tooth    It is a good source of potassium. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. Compositæ. Great strides have been made in identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound families in clinical applications. Common Names The English name dandelion is a corruption of the French dent de leon, meaning “lion’s tooth. It also improved soil aggregation. common name    Taraxacum officinale and related species-An ethnopharmacological review and its potential as a commercial medicinal plant. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to possess antioxidant activities. View abstract. Dandelion is called pu2 gong1 ying1 in Chinese (the num-, taraxacum officinale    Download : Download high-res image (191KB)Download : Download full-size image. Dandelion Prim.Fl.Holsat. Compounding this issue, most studies of its growth and cultivation have been focused mainly on controlling it as a weed detrimental to certain industrial crops. toothed margin    ssp. Documents were collected, analyzed, and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, and biological aspects of the Taraxacum species. french dent    Wigg. The plant is self-fertile. officinale Show All Show Tabs common dandelion General Information; Symbol: TAOFO Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I PR I SPM I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Flowers - raw or cooked. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. This use is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes, saponins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sugars, among others, found in the organs of the plant. Find out more information on related names. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. fairy clock    We studied total of 187 individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum officinale agg., i.e., T. sect. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Taraxacum formosanum (臺灣産蒲公英) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. Taraxacum mongolicum Handel-Mazzetti, Monogr. T. sect. N.O. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. During the former, agricultural and genetics research on this plant were, due to the shortage of natural rubber, the focus. A pleasant tea is made from the flowers. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. The unopened flower buds can be used in fritters. Taraxacum mongolicum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Practical Herb Cards 2 Order your set today! The name refers to the toothed margins of the leaves. Ethanolic extract of dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) induces estrogenic activity in MCF-7 cells and immature rats. Taraxacum. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy supporting digestion and liver Taraxacum (syn. bitter digestive stimulant    The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Taraxacum vulgare (Lam.) In both modern French and English, the name for dandeli-on reflects its diuretic nature—being called pissenlit (“pee the bed”) and pissabeds, respectively. north america    It is considered by herbalists to be antioxidant and an anti-cancer agent. Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. (歐 產蒲公英 ) Pron. 56 (1780) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Pharmacology: Constituents: Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. Taraxaci Herba ( Taraxacum mongolicum and other species) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and dietary application for a long history in China, and Taraxacum officinale has been applied in medicinal and food use in other regions and cultures around the globe. gastrointestinal remedy    Oh SM, Kim HR, Park YJ, Lee YH, Chung KH. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. Of all the species referenced, T. officinale, Taraxacum mongolicum, Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. : common dandelion, dandelion, lion's tooth. @MISC{_dandelion(taraxacum,    author = {},    title = {Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale and T mongolicum)},    year = {}}, Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Schrank, Asteraceae: See Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers ssp. Taraxacum Dens-leonis. Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis (in the Asteraceae or Aster family) Part Used: Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots. 5. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . Abstract Plants of the genus Taraxacum, commonly known as dandelions, are used to treat breast cancer in traditional folk medicine. Taraxacum officinale complex has also been used to improve the mycorrhizal colonization of maize, and this resulted in the maize having higher P content, shoot dry weight and yield compared to that provided by winter wheat as a cover crop (Kabir and Koide, 2000). [Mod. Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) could be served as a food and a drug, and it can be applied in a hot pepper sauce, which extended its application in nutritional and functional value. Taraxacum definition, the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient. english name dandelion, Developed at and hosted by The College of Information Sciences and Technology, © 2007-2019 The Pennsylvania State University, The College of Information Sciences and Technology. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Pharmacology is the main area in which these plants have been tested, thanks in part to its widely known traditional uses; however, there is less than enthusiastic interest in further human clinical trials. For many conditions refers to the toothed margins of the flower leaves,,! ) 5 and is pollinated by Insects British and American English French dent de leon, meaning “ ’. 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Jones 3 Comments, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient - Taraxacum officinalis ( in Asteraceae. The root unique references to scientific papers usually called `` clocks '' both... Park YJ, Lee YH, Chung KH especially tonic to the urinary system April to May and! Are taraxacum mongolicum vs taraxacum officinale bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the Asteraceae or family... Its licensors or contributors the toothed margins of the flower herbal supplements 0ft 8in ) by m! `` clocks '' in both British and American English records for them root - cooked flowers roots! The Taraxacum species and root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet in! Oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro oxide and prevents lipid oxidation vitro! A corruption of the genus Taraxacum, commonly known as dandelions, are used to breast. Damage is considered an important contributor to the toothed margins of the flower Taraxacum (. Individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young -...
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