They also pollute the soil since these chemicals also can cause acid rain. Please also check out my book! If they get in contact with the ground, the soil can be contaminated by heavy metals and other harmful substances. In an attempt to produce higher yields, farmers across the world are compromising the health of the environment. This addition is mostly by human activities such as mining, modern practices in agriculture, deforestation, indiscriminate dumping of human generated trash and unregulated disposal of untreated wastes of various industries The disposal of manure and other associated waste material from animal farms are also a reason for soil pollution. Children can be exposed to the harmful effects of soil pollution in places … Such kind of pollution is caused either due to natural events such as soil erosion or due to excessive soil contamination. An increase in acidity will lead to soil pollution and affect the vegetation in an adverse way. It can decrease the quality of the crop. For instance, chemicals from various waste products could leech into the soil, contaminating it. Thus, sea animals and plants will also be adversely affected by soil pollution. Plastic waste and chemicals contaminate our waters. Fossil fuels contribute to soil pollution since the burning of these fuels causes harmful gases which lead to acid rain. All kinds of animals are affected by soil pollution. Moreover, these chemicals can also lead to changes in genetic structure and thus can cause severe health issues for future generations. Transportation, either by private persons or for industrial purposes, contribute heavily to the issue of soil pollution. A wide range of pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers, and herbicides are used in modern agriculture. Soil is one of the main components of human survival – protect it Certain microorganisms are used in order to degrade the target pollutants. Through heavy rainfalls, these chemicals will eventually be washed through the soil and thus contaminating our groundwater. If we all make our contribution and also convince others, we can make a huge impact on a daily basis in order to reduce the soil pollution problem and ensure a livable future for further generations. causes and types of soil pollution Phenomena such as erosion, loss of organic carbon, increased salt content, compacting, acidification and chemical pollution are the major causes of current soil … The problem is even more severe if the leaking transport vehicle carries very dangerous chemicals like nuclear waste. In addition to endangering human health, soil pollution can also cause economic damage 2. Diseases caused by Soil Pollution – Soil pollution is characterized by the continuous accumulation of toxic products, salts, radioactive materials, chemicals or disease-causing agents, which are harmful to humans and the environment. Some of main causes of soil pollution include deforestation and consequent erosion, agriculture, industry, mining, landfills and illegal dumping of waste as well as urbanization and construction [8]. Thus, due to many different human activities such as overuse of pesticides the soil will lose its fertility. The outcomes of soil erosion are reduced agricultural productivity, ecological collapse, soil degradation, and the possibility of desertification. The contamination of soil with different harmful toxic chemicals is known as soil pollution. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. ; Deforestation and soil erosion: Forests are home to more than 80% of terrestrial biodiversity and are a refuge for many animal and plant species.In this sense, deforestation is a catastrophe both for man and for other living beings. Moreover, illegal dumping has to be stopped. Thus, soil pollution can negatively impact the lives of living organisms and can result in the gradual death of many organisms. Some of this waste can literally take thousands of years to decompose! The pH-level measures the acidity of an environment or a substance. This in turn can cause severe health conditions for humans. Soil pollution is a disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems. Pesticides protect plants and crops to be eaten by animals or insects. Pollution has brought a lot of problems along with it for example asthma, malaria and so on.One of the major pollution that has been a topic of concern for all is Soil Pollution. The causes of pollution are not just limited to fossil fuels and carbons emissions. The most common causes of soil pollution include industrial waste or by-products. After finishing university, I traveled around the world. People just throw their garbage on the ground instead of using trash bins on a daily basis. Soil pollution can be said to be the mixing together of chemicals that are made by man (like agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes and various waste disposals that are harmful from factories, houses, etc.) Soil Pollution Causes and Effects That are Seriously Eye-opening. Similar to the adverse effect on humans, soil pollution can also have severe health effects on animals. In our industrial farming culture, farmers often use large amounts of chemicals in order to increase their yields. It results in harmful pesticides and insecticides, that brings about the decay in soil quality and results in making it contaminated. indiscriminate use of farming chemicals, The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution … Soil pollution also leads to a change in pH-levels. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. When it rains, the contaminated air will add chemicals to the rain which increases the level of acidity. Our consumption levels have risen steadily since then, leading to an always increasing demand for natural resources and goods made from them. They cause pollution of the air as well as the water. Some of them are metals, inorganic ions, salts, compounds formed by soil microbial activity, and decomposition of organisms. However, the by-products of nuclear energy production are highly toxic to the environment. There are many other types of pollution including chemical pollution into bodies of water and soil through improper disposal practices and agricultural activities, and noise and light pollution created by cities and urbanization as a result of population growth. Chemicals (petroleum hydrocarbon, heavy metals, pesticides, and solvents) Effects of soil pollution. Natural causes. This means a strict control on the operation of landfills to make sure that the soil is not contaminated. If chemical waste is not disposed of in an appropriate manner, it can have severe adverse effects on the soil. Soil Pollution is a result of ma ny activities . Oil pollution is primarily a man-made pollution and is a result of human irresponsible activities. The illegal dumping problem is especially severe in poor countries and countries with high corruption, since officials are often bribed to tolerate illegal dumping. In addition, the process of deforestation, especially in the area of tropical rainforests, has to be prohibited by local governments. Thus, the level of contamination can likely be reduced. Some of main causes of soil pollution include deforestation and consequent erosion, agriculture, industry, mining, landfills and illegal dumping of waste as well as urbanization and construction [8]. This means we should separate garbage in our daily life. Effects on growth of plants (ecological balance is affected, soil chemistry changes, fungi and bacteria found in soil decline, nitrogen fixing bacteria decline) | Land Pollution | What is Land Pollution? Contamination of soil will decrease the agricultural output of a land. Moreover, the reduction of consumption products made with the help of fossil fuels will further mitigate the issue. This undoubtedly helps them to reap benefits easily but it affects the soil quality. Soil pollution often is caused by an excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. For example, there can be natural chemical processes that may lead to pollution of the soil if certain elements get in touch with each other. Soil pollution involves the contamination of soil by the release of harmful substances into the soil. On the one hand, an increase in trees means that more harmful gases can be filtered and thus the air gets cleaner which also results in less acid rain and therefore in less soil pollution. Land pollution is the destruction of land as a result of human’s activities and the misuse of land resources. The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution problem are examined in the following. Such pollutants can be derived from various sources, which are highlighted below. Illegal dumping has become a huge problem, especially in poor countries. Soil pollution can have severe public health effects. Moreover, in the production process, harmful gases are emitted by industries which in turn can lead to acid rain which further contaminates the soil. Proper waste disposal processes should be mandatory for industries to get rid of their garbage in an environmental-friendly way. 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