The 16.9 % population represents Muslims community and includes Sayyid, Sheik, Mughal Pathan castes. Bihar: Anti-Incumbency Has Weakened Nitish's Hold Over EBC-Mahadalit Votes. Apart from the dynamic power play in the state, these elections will also be monumental as these would be the first of their kind taking place during the upsurge of the Coronavirus pandemic. Phone: 9006005888, +919006005888, +919939024000 They are Newars (their homeland being traditionally Kathmandu), and even among the Newars, they are among the privileged people with most money and education. Though upper or forward-caste Hindus, estimated to be 21.5 per cent of the population in 2001,7 are numerically small compared to OBCs, they are the ones who have dominated social, economic and political. According to the census of 2011 out of 1,210,193,422 ( around 121 crore) Indian we Bihari are 104,099,452 (around 10.4 crore) i.e. Bihar Elections: Marooned by caste, born poor, children of Dalits turn recruits for touts trafficking migrant labour Treated as outcasts and born to poor families, children of Dalits in Bihar stare at a dark future with little help from the government forcing a community no longer charmed by … Abdal 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt 10.09.93 2. There are various castes and ethnic groups here. From - SEMINAR #450, February 1997, "The State of Bihar," p. Aghori -do- 4. Kadar -do- 8. Though upper or forward-caste Hindus, estimated to be 21.5 per cent of the population in 2001,7 are numerically small compared to OBCs, they are the ones who have dominated social, economic and political. According to the census of 2011 out of 1,210,193,422 ( around 121 crore) Indian we Bihari are 104,099,452 (around 10.4 crore) i.e. Total they contribute 15 % of the total population of the state. After the unification of Nepal, Shresthas took up business and trading since their former positions as administrators and courtiers of the royal Malla court was supplanted by the invading Gorkha forces mainly of the Khas tribe.[3]. Here we will analyze the caste composition of Bihar and how their votes make or break the Government of Bihar. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. population of undivided Bihar. According to the 2011 census, the 82.7% population of Bihar follow Hinduism, 16.9% population are Muslim, and 0.4 % are from other religion. All the party has to do for a Bihar election is to fit perfectly in the caste arithmetic and have some top credible faces. In fact, in Bihar, political power is with lower castes while economic surplus and bureaucratic rule remain decisively with upper castes. Bihar was certainly the epicentre of the post-1990 “silent revolution” that resulted, across the Hindi belt, in the transfer of power from upper castes to OBCs. सवर्ण जाती की लिस्ट The landslide, triggered by heavy rains in Nepal's Sindhupalchowk district, killed at least nine people and buried dozens of homes. In Bihar, Savarn group comprises castes like Rajput, Bhumihar, Brahmin and Kayastha. The capital of Bihar is Patna and is the largest city in the state. It is believed that the word Srēṣṭha is derived from the Newar word Śeśyah, which itself is derivation of a Sanskrit word Sista meaning 'noble', although literal meaning of the word also translated to 'best or important.' Shrestha Siddhartha is on Facebook. While one is Renu Devi, the other deputy chief minister is Tarkishore Prasad of BJP. The legislature of the state is bicameral and has 75 seats in council and 243 in assembly. On the other hand, women in rural Bihar belonging to Other Backward Castes, Dalits and Minorities along with their menfolk could turn out in strength. Bihar’s electorate may still vote on caste lines but at least the outward political narrative is slowly moving beyond caste identities. Well, one thing is many Shresthas (and I'm talking about the caste) themselves did not write Shrestha before, instead using their Bina or occupational/family name. It consists sub-castes like Bantar, Bauri, Bhogta, Bhuiya, Chaupal, Dabgar, Dom, Ghasi, Halalkhor, Harni, Kanjar, Kurariar, Lalbegi, Musahar, Nat, Pan, Rajwar, Turi, Dhobi, Chamar and Dusadh. They are also further divided into a variety of hereditary caste groups. Sujita Shrestha is on Facebook. Km. In India, the most populous state is Uttar Pradesh, and Sikkim is the least. It is situated in a subtropical region of the temperate zone. Shrestha is pretty common and heard of. In fact, in Bihar, political power is with lower castes while economic surplus and bureaucratic rule remain decisively with upper castes. Upper caste voters, particularly women, are less likely to queue up at the polling station to cast their vote. 1&2 CASTE DYNAMICS AND POLITICAL PROCESS IN BIHAR 3 life of the state until recently. The other 4% include Christians, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhist. Kaura -do- 11. Bihar has 36.6% first time MLAs, but this did not affect the caste profile much . Kewat, Keot -do- 7. Phone: 9006005888, +919006005888, +919939024000 It is, indeed, another feather in Narendra Modi’s cap who can claim that he restored Bihar to the upper caste Hindus after capturing Uttar Pradesh from the OBCs. In the first few decades after Independence, the forward castes in the Congress dominated Bihar politics. There are 16 seats in Rajya Sabha and 40 seats in Lok Sabha from Bihar. VOL. By Gopal Sharma PATNA/KATHMANDU (Reuters) - Authorities in eastern India began evacuating thousands of villagers on Saturday after efforts to clear a deadly landslide in neighbouring Nepal sparked fears of flash floods downstream, government officials said. The soil found here consists of a thick alluvial mantle of drift origin, the Siwalik and older tertiary rocks. According to the 2011 census, the literacy percentage of the state is 63.82%, and the sex ratio is 918/1000. They also counted among them the trading and business Vaishya castes, and were the pre-eminent traders in between Nepal and Tibet. The main goal of this site is to provide study material, notes, in-depth analysis and other study-related resources that allow aspirants to achieve their goal. It is classified as Non-government company and is registered at Registrar of Companies, PATNA. By population, it is the third-largest state in India. As per information available with us owner of this business do not have business in any other state. [1] Shrestha may also refer to the Newar caste of Shresthas who prior to the unification of modern Nepal formed the ruling and administrative Kshatriya castes in the court of the Malla kings of Nepal. In Bihar, Savarn group comprises castes like Rajput, Bhumihar, Brahmin and Kayastha. Of the total 64 Savarn legislators, maximum 28 hail are Rajputs, 21 (Bhumihars), 12 (Brahmins) and three Kayasthas. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF BIHAR Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. Meaning that caste never goes out of the election in India. Adivasis (scheduled tribes) constitutes 1.3% of the total population of Bihar. There Is Confusion Among 'Upper Caste' Voters in Bihar, Much to JD(U)-BJP's Discomfort. Overall, the upper castes who constitute only 15 per cent of the population and tend to vote for the BJP have less clout in Bihar than in, say, neighbouring Uttar Pradesh. 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